Adult Manifest Anxiety Scale amas

For:  Available in 3 age-specific forms, the AMAS takes into account age-related situations that predictably affect an individual's anxiety

Reading Level: 19 years and up

Format: Paper and Pencil

Length: 10 minutes

Scoring: Hand Scored





includes 30 AMAS autoscore forms (10 for the AMAS-A, 10 for the AMAS-E, and 10 for the AMAS-C) and a Manual.
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Cecil R. Reynolds, Ph.D., Bert O. Richmond, Ed.D., and Patricia A. Lowe, Ph.D.


Developed by the authors of the highly regarded Revised Childrens Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), this self-report inventory measures the level and nature of anxiety in adults.  The AMAS incorporates the best attributes of the RCMAS while adding age-appropriate item content and scales for three different stages of adult life.

3 Age-Appropriate Forms

The scale is available in three forms: AMAS-A for adults (ages 19 to 59); AMAS-E for elderly individuals (60 years of age and above); and AMAS-C for students enrolled in college.  The three forms were independently developed and normed - each includes some unique items and/or subscales. The AMAS-A, for example, contains several items addressing work pressures, while the AMAS-E includes items focusing on fear of aging, and the AMAS-C adds a Test Anxiety scale.  Subscales for each version are listed below:



Social Concerns/Stress

Physiological Anxiety



Social Concerns/Stress

Fear of Aging



Social Concerns/Stress

Physiological Anxiety

Test Anxiety

In addition, all versions include a Lie Scale to assess response validity.

Administration Time - Just 10 minutes!

Containing 36 to 49 items, each AMAS form may be administered in just 10 minutes. The respondent answers yes or no to each item, then the yes responses are summed to obtain scale scores and a total score.

The standardisation samples totalled more than 2,800 individuals (1,419 for the AMAS-A; 636 for the AMAS-E; and 818 for the AMAS-C).  Each of the three norm groups included both males and females and corresponded roughly to U.S. Census figures in terms of ethnicity and geographic region. The AMAS-A data was collected at church, parent, and community groups; the AMAS-E sample was recruited primarily at retirement communities and senior citizen centres; and the AMAS-C sample was drawn from five college campuses in different States.  For each version of the test, normalised T-scores are presented for the entire group and for males and females separately.

A Targeted Assessment 

The AMAS offers a simple, efficient way to measure anxiety experienced by adults. Because it has three age-specific forms, it permits a targeted assessment that takes into account many of the situations that predictably condition an individuals moods and feelings.  The test is useful in general clinical practice, college counselling centres and geriatric settings.  It is an excellent way to monitor the effects of psychotherapy and drug therapy.

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