Self-Appraisal Questionnaire saq

For: A risk-needs assessment primarily for the prediction of recidivism

Format: Paper-and-Pencil

Length: 72 True-False Items, 15 minutes administration time

Scoring: Hand Scored



Wagdy Loza, PhD


The SAQ is a theoretically and empirically based self-report instrument designed to assess the risk of general and violent recidivism.  This 72 item True-False assessment provides a Total Score and seven subscales (Criminal Tendencies, Antisocial Personality Problems, Conduct Problems, Criminal History, Alcohol/Drug Abuse, Antisocial Associates and Anger).  Parole officers, case managers, program officers, and counsellors may use the SAQ results for numerous applications in correctional/forensic settings, such as program placement, pre-diagnostic screening, program evaluation, and prediction of institutional adjustment.  Its 15-minute administration time makes it ideal for group testing situations.


  • Self-report 72 item True-False risk-needs assessment
  • Use for offender classification and program assignment
  • From a Total Score, risk is assessed as Low, Moderate or High
  • Scale scores flag case management or program concerns
  • Response to certain items indicate specific needs

Further Reading

Cross Validation of the SAQ: A Tool for Assessing Violent and Non-violent Recidivism in Australian Offenders (Roger Summers, Dept of Justice, WA Australia and Wagdy Loza, Kingston Penitentiary, Ontario, Canada), Psychiatry, Psychology & Law Vol 11, No. 2, 2004.

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