Sensory Processing Measure, Second Edition and SPM-2 Quick Tips™ spm-2

For: Provides a complete picture of sensory integration and processing difficulties in multiple environments; SPM-2 Quick Tips offer item level intervention strategies to help with sensory integration and processing challenges

Norms: Based on 3,850 typically developing participants, ranging in age from 4 months to 87 years

Scores: Raw scores, standard scores (T-scores), percentile scores, DIF scores

Format: Rating scales completed by various raters in examinee’s life

Admin Time: 20 to 30 minutes for each of the 12 main forms; 10 minutes for each Environment Form

Ages: 4 months to 87 years - Infant/Toddler (4 to 30 months) / Preschool (2 to 5 years) / Child (5 to 12 years) / Adolescent (12 to 21 years) / Adult (21 to 87 years)

Published: 2021

Authors: L. Diane Parham, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, Cheryl L. Ecker, MA, OTR/L, Heather Kuhaneck, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, Diana A. Henry, MS, OT/L, FAOTA, Tara J. Glennon, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA

To learn more about which SPM-2 kit or product will suit your needs the best, please click here.


Manuals

W-708QTP

SPM-2 Child Online Quick Tips

$93.50
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W-708QT

SPM-2 Child Print Quick Tips

$93.50
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W-706MP

SPM-2 Online Manual

$143.00
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W-709QTP

SPM-2 Preschool Online Quick Tips

$93.50
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W-709QT

SPM-2 Preschool Print Quick Tips

$93.50
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W-706M

SPM-2 Print Manual

$143.00
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Paper Forms and Hand Scoring Materials

W-707A

SPM-2 Adolescent Home Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-707B

SPM-2 Adolescent School Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-707C

SPM-2 Adolescent Self-Report Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-706D

SPM-2 Adult Rater Report Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-708B

SPM-2 Child School Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-710A

SPM-2 Infant Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-710C

SPM-2 Infant/Toddler Caregiver Self-Report Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-709A

SPM-2 Preschool Home Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-709B

SPM-2 Preschool School Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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W-710B

SPM-2 Toddler Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
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Online Forms, Administrations and Reports

W-707AP25

SPM-2 Adolescent Home Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-707BP25

SPM-2 Adolescent School Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-707BP5

SPM-2 Adolescent School Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
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W-707CP25

SPM-2 Adolescent Self-Report Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-707CP5

SPM-2 Adolescent Self-Report Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-706DP25

SPM-2 Adult Rater Report Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-706DP5

SPM-2 Adult Rater Report Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
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W-706CP25

SPM-2 Adult Self-Report Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-706CP5

SPM-2 Adult Self-Report Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
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W-708AP25

SPM-2 Child Home Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-708AP5

SPM-2 Child Home Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
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W-708A

SPM-2 Child Home Print Form (Pack of 25)

$104.50
 Add to cart

 

W-708BP25

SPM-2 Child School Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-708BP5

SPM-2 Child School Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-710AP25

SPM-2 Infant Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
 Add to cart

 

W-710AP5

SPM-2 Infant Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-710CP25

SPM-2 Infant/Toddler Caregiver Self-Report Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
 Add to cart

 

W-710CP5

SPM-2 Infant/Toddler Caregiver Self-Report Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-709AP25

SPM-2 Preschool Home Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
 Add to cart

 

W-709AP5

SPM-2 Preschool Home Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-709BP25

SPM-2 Preschool School Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
 Add to cart

 

W-709BP5

SPM-2 Preschool School Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
 Add to cart

 

W-710BP25

SPM-2 Toddler Online Form (25 Uses)

$104.50
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W-710BP5

SPM-2 Toddler Online Form (5 Uses)

$22.00
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Kits

W-707P

SPM-2 Adolescent Online Kit

Includes Online Manual; 25 Uses of the Adolescent Home Online Form; 25 Uses of the Adolescent School Online Form; 25 Uses of the Adolescent Self-Report Online Form; Unlimited Uses of the Adolescent Driving Self-Report Form and Driving Rater Report Form
$440.00
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W-707

SPM-2 Adolescent Print Kit

Includes Print Manual; 25 Adolescent Home Print Forms; 25 Adolescent School Print Forms; 25 Adolescent Self-Report Print Forms; Unlimited Uses of the Adolescent Driving Self-Report Form and Driving Rater Report Form on the WPS Online Evaluation System
$440.00
 Add to cart

 

W-706P

SPM-2 Adult Online Kit

Includes Online Manual; 25 Uses of the Adult Self-Report Online Form; 25 Uses of the Adult Rater Report Form; Unlimited Uses of the Adult Driving Self-Report
$440.00
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W-706

SPM-2 Adult Print Kit

Includes Print Manual; 25 Adult Self-Report Print Forms; 25 Adult Rater Report Forms; Unlimited Uses of the Adult Driving Self-Report Form and Driving Rater Report Form on the WPS Online Evaluation System
$440.00
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W-708P

SPM-2 Child Online Kit with Quick Tips

Includes Online Manual; 25 Uses of the Child Home Online Form; 25 Uses of the Child School Online Form; SPM-2 Child Online Quick Tips; Unlimited Uses of the School Environment Forms
$434.50
 Add to cart

 

W-708

SPM-2 Child Print Kit with Quick Tips

Includes Print Manual; 25 Child Home Print Forms, 25 Child School Print Forms; SPM-2 Child Print Quick Tips; Unlimited Uses of the School Environment Forms on the WPS Online Evaluation System
$434.50
 Add to cart

 

W-710P

SPM-2 Infant/Toddler Online Kit

Includes Online Manual; 25 Uses of the Infant Online Form; 25 Uses of the Toddler Online Form; 25 Uses of the Caregiver Online Form
$440.00
 Add to cart

 

W-710

SPM-2 Infant/Toddler Print Kit

Includes Print Manual; 25 Infant Print Forms; 25 Toddler Print Forms; 25 Caregiver Print Forms
$440.00
 Add to cart

 

W-709P

SPM-2 Preschool Online Kit with Quick Tips

Includes Online Manual; 25 Uses of the Preschool Home Online Form; 25 Uses of the Preschool School Online Form; SPM-2 Preschool Online Quick Tips
$434.50
 Add to cart

 

W-709

SPM-2 Preschool Print Kit with Quick Tips

Includes Print Manual; 25 Preschool Home Print Forms; 25 Preschool School Print Forms; SPM-2 Preschool Print Quick Tips
$434.50
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Contact PAA today to establish a WPS Online Evaluation System account for online administration, scoring and reporting.

Self-Regulation and Coping Across the Life Span Using the Sensory Processing Measure, Second Edition

RECORDED WEBINAR

Duration: 60 minutes

Watch now

Behind the Scenes of the SPM-2 Assessment & SPM-2 Quick Tips: Sensory Integration and Processing Across the Lifespan

AUTHOR PANEL DISCUSSION

Duration: 60 minutes

Watch now

Douglene-Box-pic D0567

About This Product

SPM-2™: Expanded Across the Lifespan for Research, Clinical, and School-Based Practice

You can’t see sensory processing deficits just by looking at someone, but their needs will become clearer when you use the new SPM-2.

The SPM-2 is an upgrade and expansion of the Sensory Processing Measure family of products, widely acclaimed as the best of its kind. A behavior rating scale, the SPM-2 offers new forms – including driving forms – and a broadened age range, so no one gets left behind.

Like its predecessors, the new SPM-2 is firmly grounded in Ayres Sensory Integration® theory. T‑scores provide norm-referenced indexes of the integrative functions of praxis and social participation, as well as the following sensory systems:

  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Tactile
  • Olfactory and Gustatory (new)
  • Proprioceptive
  • Vestibular

The SPM‑2 items provide descriptive clinical information on processing vulnerabilities within each sensory system, including under- and over-reactivity, sensory-seeking behavior, and difficulties with perception.

The forms at each age level are designed for maximum flexibility in choosing and comparing among environments and raters, such as multiple caregivers.

What’s new in the SPM-2

The SPM-2 is a revision and update of the Sensory Processing Measure and Sensory Processing Measure–Preschool, two well-established instruments in wide use throughout the world. While the essential characteristics of the SPM and SPM-P remain unchanged, the SPM-2 revision includes the following improvements:

  • An expanded age range that encompasses the lifespan, from 4 months to 87 years
  • New and revised forms across five age levels: Infant/Toddler, Preschool, Child, Adolescent, and Adult
  • Updated norms based on a new, nationally representative standardization sample
  • Ability to compare sensory integration and processing function between individuals
  • New clinical validity studies, including sensory processing disorders, autism spectrum disorders, speech–language pathologies, intellectual and developmental disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and other mental health disorders
  • Updated SPM-2 Quick Tips now included in every Preschool and Child kit

Print or online administration

The SPM-2 may be administered using printed forms or electronically through the WPS® Online Evaluation System™ (OES), the WPS online testing platform, which allows administration of the SPM-2 on any computer with Internet access. Raters may complete the SPM-2 form remotely or on the professional’s local device. When administered to the same rater multiple times, the form can be scored and integrated into a Progress Monitoring Report. Multiple forms on the same client can be scored and integrated into a combined report. For more information, click here.

Multiple raters, integrated assessment

The SPM-2 is designed to assess clients across the life span, with unique forms in each of five age levels: Infant/Toddler, Preschool, Child, Adolescent, and Adult. At each level, forms may be used independently or jointly to provide an overview of a client’s sensory functioning across multiple environments and raters.

The 12 main forms each consist of 80 Likert-type items rated in terms of the frequency of a specific behaviour (Never, Occasionally, Frequently, Always) and require about 20 to 30 minutes to complete. The 10 School Environment and Driving Environment Forms are 15 to 18 items each and take about 10 minutes to complete. The following SPM-2 forms are listed by age level:

Infant/Toddler (4 to 30 months)

Parents and caregivers rate an infant or toddler and also rate themselves on their own sensory integration and processing function.

  • Infant Form
  • Toddler Form
  • Caregiver Self‑Report Form

Preschool (2 to 5 years)

Parents, caregivers, and school providers rate a preschool-aged child within the home and school environments.

  • Home Form
  • School Form

Child (5 to 12 years)

Parents, caregivers, and school staff rate a school-aged child within the home and school environments.

  • Home Form
  • School Form
  • School Environment Forms
    • Art (ART) Form
    • School Bus (BUS) Form
    • Cafeteria (CAF) Form
    • Music (MUS) Form
    • Physical Education (PHY) Form
    • Recess/Playground (REC) Form

Adolescent (12 to 21 years)

Adolescents rate themselves, and parents, caregivers, and school staff rate the adolescent within the home and school environments.

  • Home Form
  • School Form
  • Self‑Report Form
  • Adolescent Driving Environment Forms

Adult (21 to 87 years)

Adults rate themselves, and spouses, partners, parents, other adult family members, or caregivers rate the adult within the home and community environments.

  • Rater Report Form
  • Self‑Report Form
  • Adult Driving Environment Forms

The SPM‑2 forms are intended to be used together as an integrated system to provide a comprehensive overview of a client’s sensory integration and processing across home, school, caregiving, and community settings. As such, multiple forms may be used within each age level. However, each form may also be used separately.

Comprehensive and easy to understand

The SPM-2 provides information in a way that parents find useful. Scale names remain comprehensible, results are summarized visually, and interpretation is clear-cut. These features help therapists explain assessment results and engage parents in the treatment process.

The main forms include each of the following scales:

  • Vision
  • Hearing
  • Touch
  • Taste and Smell
  • Body Awareness
  • Balance and Motion
  • Sensory Total
  • Planning and Ideas
  • Social Participation

SPM-2 Scores

SPM‑2 items employ a rating scale based on how frequently behaviors occur.

SPM‑2 raw scores for each of these scales are converted into normalized T‑scores, a type of standard score, which have a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10. A standard score enables an individual’s test results to be compared with a reference group, such as a normative sample of typically developing individuals. A standard score also allows for comparison of scores across scales with different characteristics, such as different numbers of items, different psychometric properties, or different constructs.

SPM‑2 T-scores are used in conjunction with an analysis of item responses to develop an interpretation of a client’s functioning.

SPM‑2 T-scores are also used to calculate the Difference (DIF) score, which allows clinicians to compare sensory functioning across any two forms. A DIF score can reveal, for example, whether a child’s behaviour at home is markedly different from their behaviour at school, or whether an adolescent’s self-perception is substantially different from a teacher or parent’s perceptions. It can also provide a starting point for examining sensory integration and processing differences between individuals; for example, between two spouses or a parent and child.

Psychometrically strong

The SPM‑2 was standardized on 3,850 typically developing participants, ranging in age from 4 months to 87 years. Separate demographically representative normative samples were collected for each age level: Infant/Toddler (N = 697), Preschool (N = 606), Child (N = 840), Adolescent (N = 985), and Adult (N = 722). Separate norms are provided for each age level, and within two age levels (Infant/Toddler and Preschool), the norms are further stratified by age to control for developmental differences between the younger and older children. A separate sample of 639 participants receiving clinical services was used to verify that the SPM‑2 differentiates between typically developing participants and those with certain clinical disorders.

Across all forms, the SPM‑2 showed strong psychometric properties. Evidence supporting reliability included median estimates of internal consistency of .86, test–retest reliability of .84, alternate-forms reliability of .78, and interrater reliability of .66. Likewise, comprehensive development procedures, concurrent administration of key measures, and findings from clinical groups yielded evidence supporting content validity, construct validity, and criterion-related validity.

Use with confidence

The SPM‑2 forms perform well on seven key indexes of reliability: internal consistency, test–retest reliability, standard error of measurement, interrater reliability, alternate-forms reliability, cross-rater concordance, and digital and paper forms equivalence. Analyses of content and structure support the scoring of separate sensory systems, praxis, and social participation scores across the SPM‑2 forms. The SPM‑2 forms correlate in expected ways with two measures of sensory integration and processing, the Sensory Profile and the Sensory Profile 2, and a measure of adaptive behaviour, the ABAS‑3. Finally, the SPM‑2 forms distinguish between typically developing and clinic-referred clients, with robust and clinically meaningful effect sizes.

Principles of use

The SPM‑2 is intended to support the identification and treatment of those with sensory integration and processing difficulties. The SPM‑2 was developed by occupational therapists, but the information it provides will also be of value to other professionals, including school psychologists, clinical psychologists, social workers, counselors, physical therapists, speech–language pathologists, early intervention specialists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, and nurses.

The SPM‑2 may be used alone as a screening instrument or in conjunction with other instruments as part of a comprehensive battery. Like any instrument, however, the SPM‑2 should never be used in isolation to make diagnostic or treatment decisions. Instead, it should be used in concert with other data, such as information derived from concurrent or former assessments of sensorimotor function; additional standardized assessment instruments; developmental, school, work, or medical records; occupational profiles; direct observations; and interviews with parents, teachers, school staff members, and (when appropriate) the client.

Intervention: SPM-2 Quick Tips

After administering the SPM-2, the assessment will guide you to appropriate intervention strategies in the SPM-2 Quick Tips, which are currently available at the Preschool and Child age levels.

The SPM‑2 Quick Tips are simple, straightforward suggestions, tasks, and activities connected to each SPM‑2 item, designed to help clients manage, minimize, or cope with sensory integration and processing challenges. The SPM‑2 Quick Tips make use of Ayres Sensory Integration principles and specific sensory techniques and are meant to be implemented by various people involved in a client’s care, including parents, day care providers, teachers or other school personnel, early intervention providers, adult caregivers, occupational therapy practitioners, and mental health experts.

Every SPM‑2 Quick Tips suggestion is designed to further one of the seven objectives listed below. Using clinical reasoning, the practitioner and team choose or develop strategies that most closely align with one or more of these objectives:

  • Improve sensorimotor functions
  • Educate to support functioning
  • Promote self-advocacy and empowerment
  • Develop adaptations and accommodations
  • Use cognitive or behavioural strategies
  • Teach new skills, including self-regulation
  • Address the sensory integration and sensory processing patterns of others

Like the SPM-2, the Quick Tips are available in print or online, allowing you to measure qualitative and quantitative progress. The online module on the OES allows you to quickly create customized intervention reports that can be easily shared via email or printed paper.

You can choose and track the frequency of use of each strategy within their own environment using the SPM-2 Quick Tips Record Form, available in printed version and online. The SPM-2 Quick Tips Record Form, which automatically calculates the weekly and monthly totals, can be used for research and to monitor progress.

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