Kara S. Schmidt, PhD and Jennifer L Gallo, PhD
The BPAD is a standardised informant report that assesses the changes in both behaviour and mood that are associated with the onset and course of various dementia syndromes. This 78-item assessment categorises symptoms into three clusters (i.e., Psychopathological, Behavioural, Biological) and further, into seven domains (i.e., Perceptual/Delusional, Positive Mood/Anxiety, Negative Mood/Anxiety, Aggressive, Perseverative/Rigid, Disinhibited, Biological Rhythms). The BPAD Response Booklet is large-print to simplify completion by individuals with vision difficulties.
During administration, the respondent is asked about symptoms the patient has exhibited both within the past 4 weeks and 5 years. To differentiate symptoms associated with long-standing psychiatric illness from symptoms associated with the onset of behavioural disturbance related to dementia, the BPAD assesses the symptoms over these two time periods and computes a change score that captures information about changes in mood and behaviour specific to the onset and course of dementia. The BPAD was standardised and validated on a sample of men and women ages 30-90 years; these rated adults came from a wide range of racial/ethnic and educational backgrounds and geographical regions, and the sample was matched to U.S Census proportions.
Administration is done using the large-print Response Booklet and pencil, takes 15 minutes to complete, and should be completed by family members, para-professionals, or other professionals aged 18-90 who have regular contact with individuals who have suspected or diagnosed dementia. The items are written at a sixth-grade reading level. The BPAD may be employed in a wide range of settings (e.g., outpatient clinics, assisted living settings, clinical research settings) with heterogeneous groups of individuals with suspected or diagnosed dementia (e.g. patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, patients with vascular dementia, psychiatric patients with suspected dementia).
After hand-entry of raw scores, the easy-to-use BPAD Software Portfolio (BPAD-SP) generates scores that represent current impairment (i.e. CURRENT), past impairment (i.e. PAST), and change in impairment over time (i.e. CHANGE). The Score Report also provides T scores and percentiles for the BPAD Total and domain scores and graphical presentation of BPAD T scores. The BPAD-SP is included in the BPAD Introductory Kit and provides unlimited scoring and report generation.
Windows XP/Vista/7, 8 and 10; NTFS file system; CD-ROM drive for installation; Internet connection or telephone for software activation.
Other virtual machine solutions (e.g., Parallels, VMWare) are not supported.
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