Memory Test of Older Adults mtoa

For: A measure of verbal & visuospatial learning & memory performance in older adults from 55-84 years old

Reading Level: Professionally administered

Format: Paper-and-Pencil

Length: 30-45 minutes

Scoring: Hand Scored


Paper Forms and Hand Scoring Materials


MTOA:L Record Forms

Pack of 25
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MTOA:S Record Forms

Pack of 25
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Anita M. Hubley, Ph.D. and Tom N. Tombaugh, Ph.D


The MTOA asseses verbal and visuospatial learning and memory in older adults.  It is used in mental health and primary care settings to assess a patient's degree and type of memory impairment (eg genuine memory loss vs. retrieval failure) for the purposes of diagnosis, placement, intervention planning or as an indicator of change during treatment.

The MTOA test uses tasks that are well established in the assessment of verbal and visuospatial learning and memory.  Using word lists and geometric figures, the MTOA learning and retention tasks identify impaired performance without producing floor effects and without unnecessarily fatiguing the respondent.

The short version (MTOA:S) is an easier version that consists of a shorter word list and a simpler geometric design.  It may be used to assess the lower limits of memory ability in patients who have already been diagnosed with memory impairment or for whom the typical memory test is judged to be too difficult.

Key Areas Measured

  • Recall
  • Recognition

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