Kane Learning Difficulties Assessment™ klda

Authors: Steven T. Kane, PhD; Professional Manual by Steven T. Kane, PhD, and Heddy Kovach Clark, PhD

Screens college students for learning difficulties and ADHD

Format: Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect
Age range: 17 years and older
Time: 15 minutes



KLDA Digital Kit

Includes KLDA Professional Manual and e-Manual, 25 KLDA i-Admins on PARiConnect, and 25 KLDA Score Reports on PARiConnect; no print forms included with this kit. e-Manuals are limited to a single user and device.
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KLDA Hybrid Kit

Includes KLDA Professional Manual, 25 Item/Response Booklets, and 25 KLDA Score Reports on PARiConnect.
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KLDA Replacement Set

Includes 25 Item/Response Booklets and 25 KLDA Score Reports on PARiConnect.
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KLDA Professional Manual

Printed Professional Manual
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KLDA e-Manual

Available in your online PARiConnect account. Limited to a single user and device.
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Online Forms, Administrations and Reports


KLDA online Score Report (each) min order 5

For use in PARiConnect online account. Minimum order 5. Score reports provide scores and profiles based on response data from an i-Admin or a paper-and-pencil assessment.
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KLDA online i-Admin (each) min order 5

For use in PARiConnect online account. Minimum order 5. i-Admins provide on-screen test administration, either in your office or remotely. Reports are purchased separately.
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The KLDA quickly screens college students who may be at risk for learning difficulties and ADHD.

Features and benefits

  • Measures an individual's academic strengths and weaknesses in key areas, including reading, writing, math, listening, concentration, memory, organization, time management, oral presentation, self-control, and anxiety.
  • Provides users with a comparative sense of their academic skills in relation to their peers using means, standard deviations, and percentile scores.
  • Helps identify individuals at risk for learning difficulties who should seek further assessment.
  • Helps identify individuals with other issues that affect learning, such as anxiety, memory, or functional problems like organization and procrastination.
  • Can be used with students in vocational schools, technical colleges, community colleges, 4-year colleges and universities, and graduate schools.
  • Suggests recommendations for interventions and accommodations for each scale and subscale weakness.

Test structure

  • Features one self-report form that contains 120 items contributing to nine scales and 14 subscales. The scales and subscales contribute to an Overall Academic Risk score. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale.
  • Administration can be completed with pencil and paper or online from any computer 24/7 via PARiConnect.
  • Scoring and reporting is completed exclusively through PARiConnect, with a Student Feedback Report generated for the student and a Score Report generated for the test administrator.
  • Testing takes just 15 minutes.
  • An A-level product, so no special training is required to administer or score.

Technical information

  • Based on the Learning Difficulties Assessment (LDA), an online platform active from June 2011 to June 2015.
  • Normative sample (N = 981) consisted of students enrolled in postsecondary education who had not been diagnosed with or suspected of having a learning disorder.
  • Reliable: Average alpha coefficient for scales and subscales is .86.
  • Valid: Studies have found that the KLDA Overall Academic Risk score can successfully predict learning disability (LD)/ADHD diagnosis, attitude toward being academically successful, and self-reported LD severity.